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Instructional Methodologies
  Challenges UD Strategies
Lecture Requires sustained concentration, retention of information, fluency in spoken language, and note-taking. Create and post detailed notes on an accessible Website, provide periodic breaks during long sessions, provide adequate space and lighting for interpreters/captioners; allow time for questioning and clarification throughout presentation.
Group Work Requires substantial, appropriate physical space; use of printed materials; sustained concentration; interpersonal, communication and writing skills; may spark anxiety issues. Design group roles to ensure that individual differences are naturally mediated through distribution of responsibilities; minimize amount of printed materials and assure accessible formats when necessary.
Power Point / Overhead Requires use of visual information (clarity, color, size, and density of slides); lighting may be an issue. Create slides with solid background (light text on dark background); use at least a 24-point font (Arial, Times New Roman); describe slides orally; limit number of slides; allow adequate time for audience to read each slide; use software to create accessible PowerPoint slides to post to an accessible website.
Videos/ Films Requires use of auditory and visual information; lighting may be an issue. Ensure videos are captioned; prepare a disk of descriptive narration or transcript for ready availability of alternative format.
Written Exercises Requires reading, writing, access to print formats and English language fluency. Present written exercises as group work OR allow the use of assistive technology, reader, scribe, or a dictated response; use at least 18-point font on a solid background using simple, intuitive language.
Activities Requires physical movement, use of auditory and visual information, English language fluency; may spark anxiety issues, compromise effectiveness of accommodations (sign language interpreters/captioners), and prevent adequate control of physical environment (noise, space, lighting). Plan and consider value of activity due to the wide range of issues and individual differences of participants; consider options to accomplish the same goals.  Plan necessary supports to allow for ease of movement and communication. Practice variations of the activity with user/experts to evaluate inclusiveness.
Discussion Requires English language fluency and use of auditory information; may require note-taking, sustained concentration, use of visual information; may compromise effectiveness of accommodations (sign language interpreters/captioners) and spark anxiety issues; space may have inadequate acoustics. Provide adequate space and lighting; provide options for participation, such as note cards; summarize key points; design seating arrangements that provide face-to-face contact for all participants; ensure appropriate acoustic environment.
Last updated: 7/20/2011 10:44:16 AM